Istanbul Travel Guide: Top Things to Do and Must-See Attractions


Istanbul, a city that stretches over two continents, is a melting pot of cultures, histories, and traditions. It’s a place where every street, every building, and every corner tells a story. 

This city, alive with vibrant colors and bustling energy, welcomes visitors with open arms. It offers a glimpse into a world where the past and present dance together in harmony. This city is a feast for the senses, from the majestic Hagia Sophia to the lively streets of the Grand Bazaar. 

Whether you’re drawn to exploring its ancient monuments or savor its delicious cuisine, it offers an adventure that is rich, colorful, and full of life. 

So, let’s discover the top things to do and must-see attractions that make this place a place like no other.

Read on!

  1. Marvel at the Hagia Sophia’s Magnificence

The Hagia Sophia is not just an attraction; it’s a symbol of Istanbul’s layered history. It was originally built as a Christian cathedral in 537 AD under the Byzantine Emperor Justinian I. 

Then, it was converted into a mosque in 1453 following the Ottoman conquest of Constantinople. In 1935, it was secularized and opened as a museum, and recently, it has been re-designated as a mosque. 

Despite the changes, it remains open to visitors of all faiths. It showcases its iconic domes, stunning mosaics, and architectural grandeur. In essence, standing beneath the massive dome, feeling the weight of centuries of history, is a truly humbling experience.

  1. Visit the Topkapi Palace

Visiting this palace takes you back to the time of Ottoman sultans. This beautiful palace, with views of the Bosphorus, was where the sultans lived and ruled for almost 400 years.

As you enter, you step into a world filled with luxury and history. The palace has many parts, including the Harem, where the sultan’s family lived. You’ll see rooms decorated with pretty tiles, old weapons, and valuables of the sultans.

In addition, don’t miss the Imperial Council Chamber, where important decisions were made. The palace gardens offer a quiet place with great views of the sea. In short, it’s a trip into the life of Ottoman rulers, showing their luxury, government, and love for art.

However, since the place is popular, the key to making the most of your visit is booking your tickets in advance. You can check online for topkapi palace tickets to find the best deals and offers available. This helps you avoid waiting in long lines and might even save you some money with early booking discounts. Ultimately, it’s a pro tip to ensure a smooth and unforgettable experience. 

  1. Shop at the Grand Bazaar

Entering the Grand Bazaar is like stepping into a different world. With over 4,000 shops spread across 60 streets, it’s a pool of handmade gems. The best part? You can try your hand at bargaining by chatting with the shop owners while you do. It’s about experiencing the lively buzz of the bazaar beyond just buying.

But it’s not all about shopping. It’s a feast for the senses. You can smell the strong scent of spices and Turkish coffee in the air. You’ll hear shop owners shouting their deals and people speaking many languages, showing how famous this place is worldwide.

And there’s food, too. You can stop at small cafes and snack bars inside the bazaar to taste local snacks or sip on a cup of tea. Plus, if you like finding rare and special things, the bazaar is full of hidden treasures, from old photos to beautifully painted pottery.

So, if you’re after a special keepsake or just want to take in the vibrant scene, the Grand Bazaar is the place to go.

  1. Enjoy the Nightlife in Galata and Beyoğlu

As the day ends, Istanbul’s nightlife wakes up, especially in Galata and Beyoğlu. These areas are full of life and great for enjoying the city’s lively night scene.

In Galata, you’ll find streets full of history, with music coming from bars and small clubs. There are many places to listen to different kinds of music, like jazz and indie, making it easy to spend the whole evening there.

Likewise, Beyoğlu, known for its busy Istiklal Avenue, is the center of Istanbul’s nightlife. The main road and side streets have many bars, clubs, and cafes for everyone. Whether you like rooftop bars or underground clubs, you’ll find a place to have fun.

In addition, don’t miss trying raki, a favorite local drink, at one of the traditional taverns called Meyhanes. In essence, Galata and Beyoğlu show you the modern side of Istanbul and offer many ways to have an unforgettable night.

  1. Wander through the Basilica Cistern

The Basilica Cistern is a cool, hidden spot in Istanbul. It’s like stepping back in time to when the city was called Constantinople, around the 6th century. This big underground space was built to store drinking water for the palace and nearby areas.

When you go down there, you’ll see 336 big pillars holding up the roof, all lit in a soft, spooky light. The water below these pillars makes everything look magical, like something out of a fairy tale.

Besides, the most interesting things to see here are two big stone heads of Medusa, a monster from old stories. They’re set up strangely—one is upside down, and the other is on its side. No one knows why, but it makes the place even more mysterious.

Moreover, walking around on the wooden paths, with the sound of water dripping and seeing the reflections in the water, feels peaceful. This cistern shows how smart people were back then in collecting and storing water. Ultimately, if you like seeing unusual things and enjoying quiet moments, you’ll love exploring the Basilica Cistern.


Istanbul is a city that captivates the hearts and imaginations of all visitors. With its rich history, vibrant culture, and stunning beauty, it offers an endless array of experiences waiting to be discovered. 

Whether you’re exploring ancient landmarks, savoring delicious cuisine, or simply wandering through its bustling streets, it promises an adventure that you’ll never forget. So pack your bags and get ready to explore the heart of two continents.